Each of the four groups that came together to form AREMA have, in their own way, built an excellent foundation upon which to base the Association, whose mission is the development and advancement of both technical and practical knowledge and recommended practices pertaining to the design, construction and maintenance of railway infrastructure.
Roadmaster's and Maintenance of Way Association
The oldest of the predecessor groups is the Roadmaster's and Maintenance of Way Association. It was organized in 1883 by 61 roadmasters representing 24 railroads, who recognized the need for an organization through which maintenance officers would have an opportunity to meet and discuss their mutual problems. The organization of a Roadmaster's Association was a pioneer effort, and the men who organized it and fashioned its policies and methods of procedure, with few exceptions, had no experience with association work. At the beginning of the Association, it was dedicated to work through committees and publish the results in the Proceedings, a practice that was continued through its 114-year history. Rail joints, switches, frogs and ties were among the subjects studied from the Association’s inception, and the standardization of maintenance practices were a large part of every program in the early years. The Roadmaster’s association has a history of constructive effort and important accomplishments, a heritage that cannot be ignored.
American Railway Bridge and Building Association
American Railway Bridge and Building Association was formed in 1891 in St. Louis as the American International Association of Railway Superintendents of Bridges and Buildings. It was decided by 36 men who attended the first gathering to hold an annual meeting for the dissemination of ideas through the reports of committees on selected subjects of mutual interest to the members from the various railroads. The original 36 attendees plus 24 others became the charter members. They represented 40 railroads. The Association’s name was changed in 1907 to the American Railway Bridge and Building Association (B&B). Many dynamic changes occurred during the B&B’s 106-year history, but the basic reasons for its formation – the need to exchange information and to find solutions to problems that confront the railway industry – never changed. In keeping with the original intent of the Association, the B&B presented its first seminar in 1991, the year of its 100th anniversary. Several of these seminars continue under the AREMA banner.
American Railway Engineering Association
At the suggestion of Railway Age magazine, a meeting was held in Chicago on October 21, 1898, to organize a forum for the development and study of recommended practices for the newly-integrated standard-gauge North American railway network. This led to a meeting in 1899 in Buffalo, New York, to adopt a constitution and establish a permanent organization named the American Railway Engineering and Maintenance of Way Association, which was later shortened to the American Railway Engineering Association (AREA). From its inception, AREA dealt with the many engineering challenges through standing technical committees. Five of those committees – ties, rail, track, buildings and yards and terminals continued intact continuously from 1899 until the merger and still continue under AREMA functional groups. In 1905, AREA issued its first Manual of Recommended Practices. Its name was changed to the Manual for Railway Engineering in 1970 and is updated annually by the technical committees. The manual, which is now also available on CD-ROM, was continued under AREMA.
Communications and Signals Division of the Association of American Railroads
A precursor of the Communications and Signals Division of the Association of American Railroads was the Association of Telegraph and Telephone Superintendents, which was formed in 1885 by the telegraph superintendents of the major railroads. Ten years later the Railway Signaling Club was organized at a meeting in Chicago. The Club created a code of rules governing the operation of interlocking plants and continued to meet and present papers on pertinent topics. In 1919 the Signaling Club became the Signal Division of the newly created American Railway Association and the Telegraph Superintendents became the Telegraph and Telephone Section. The ARA became the Association of American Railroads (AAR) in 1934 and the Signal Division was renamed the Signal Section and the Telegraph and Telephone Section was renamed the Communications Section. The two sections merged in 1961 to become the Communications and Signals Division of the AAR. All Communications and Signals technical work came under AREMA in 1998, including committees, manuals and meetings.